The appeal trial of six suspected Somali pirates accused of having taken hostage in September 2008, a couple of Frenchman aboard the sailboat as The Square in the Gulf of Aden off Somalia opened on Tuesday 22 January at Melun (Seine-et-Marne). If he returns to the heart of the current phenomenon of maritime piracy off the coast of Somalia, it fell sharply in 2012, according to the report of the International Maritime Bureau (IMB).
Somalia has increased the world’s second “rank” listed with 49 attacks (against 160 in 2011), leaving the top step of the podium in Indonesia. With 81 attacks, the latter almost twice its balance sheet in 2011, when 41 attacks were recorded.
Globally, piracy has been a very significant decline in 2012. Pirate attacks have increased from 439 in 2011 to 297 in 2012. If this decline is due to the sharp reduction attacks merchant ships off Somalia, Africa remains the worst region in the world. Taken together, the East Africa and West Africa recorded 150 attacks in 2012, half of the world total. It is divided into 174 ships attacked, 28 hijacked and 28 objects shots. Which must be added the 87 attempted attacks recorded by BMI. Corollary of this decline, the number of hostages has dropped from 802 to 585. Six crew members were, however, killed in the attacks and 32 wounded.
Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden, only 75 attacks were recorded against 237 in 2012. And the number of hostages has been halved from 28 to 14.
PIRACY ON THE RISE IN WEST AFRICA
The most common risk ships are container ships, bulk carriers and tankers. But fishing boats or small vessels, including pleasure, are also threatened.
In contrast to West Africa, piracy is on the rise, especially in the Gulf of Guinea, with 58 incidents reported, including 10 taken hostage and 207 crew members taken. On Monday, the site also Jeune Afrique reported that men had “seized a Nigerian oil Panamanian flag, off the port of Abidjan, as he prepared to unload 5,000 tons of fuel” . And to consider the possibility of extension to C? Te d’Ivoire to “piracy, increasingly common in the Gulf of Guinea, particularly off Nigeria and Benin.”
In the western part of Africa, pirates are particularly violent. This is Nigeria which focuses attacks in the region with 27 incidents against 10 in 2011.
Other regions of the world are also victims of pirates, especially Southeast Asia. And 81 incidents were listed in the Indonesian archipelago, a quarter of all shares of piracy worldwide. Indonesia Conna? T a continuous rise of piracy since 2009.
MILITARY DEVICE TO MAINTAIN
BMI believes that the deployment of warships and the presence of armed merchant vessels teams play an r? The deterrent vis-??-vis the pirates. These include European ships in the operation of the European Union Euronavfor Atalanta, which also uses maritime surveillance aircraft as P3-C Orion.
In this context, the warning about the pirates of the seas can it be Lax? No, echo each and every few months the European deputy commander of Operation Atalanta off Somalia and the director of BMI.
For the first, against Italian Admiral Gualtiero Mattesi, “we have before us a tactical success but reversible. It is essential that the pressure on the pirates and their business model is maintained and even enhanced.’s Strategic context as the situation in Somali pirates to act has not fundamentally changed. [...] By joining forces, efforts against piracy are now more efficient and can no longer ship, navy, country or organization alone, “he stated in September in the excellent site specializing on European defense issues, Brussels 2.
A caution as deemed necessary by the Director of BMI, Captain Pottengal Mukundan, which monitors the activity of international pirates since 1991. “The figures show a welcome reduction in piracy hijackings and attacks on ships. But crews must remain vigilant, particularly in very dangerous waters off East Africa and Africa west. ” Also, he believes that “the continued presence of the Navy is essential to ensure that Somali piracy remains low. Such progress could easily be reversed if the battleships were removed from the area.”
>> See also: “Contain piracy Complex responses to a persistent threat.” Hugues Eudeline.